The choice of the SAC/SPA Illas Cíes (ES0000001) is of great interest to achieve the objectives of the LIFE INSULAR project, since it is a space with a large complex of island ecosystems that are home to high biodiversity, which makes it a an ecological enclave of great value. Given the strategic role played by these ecosystems, LIFE INSULAR includes a series of specific conservation measures in the SAC/SPA Illas Cíes (ES0000001) to improve the conservation status of types 2130* and 4030, whose sensitivity and fragility is higher to the threats and pressures detected by this project (see Form B2d) than in other habitats present. Specifically, LIFE INSULAR proposes the following actions in the SAC/SPA Illas Cíes (ES0000001):
- Action C1: collection and cultivation of 4,000 plants of characteristic species of type 2130*.
- Action C2: collection and cultivation of 200,000 plants of characteristic species of type 4030.
- Action C3: elimination of 5 ha of old forest plantations on type 2130*, removal of regenerated invasive Eucalyptus in 16.6 ha on habitat 4030.
- Action C4: elimination of 22 ha of old forest plantations on type 4030, removal of regenerated invasive Eucalyptus in 10 ha on habitat 4030.
- Action C5: restoration with the characteristic species produced in action C1, allowing an increase of 5 ha of type 2130* (an increase of 30% in the archipelago, and in the SAC).
- Action C6: restoration with the characteristic species produced in action C2, allowing an increase of 22 ha of type 4030 (an increase of 12% in the archipelago, and in the SAC).
- Action C7: elimination of IAS that allow the improvement of the conservation status of 16.6 ha of type 2130* (100% of the habitat in the archipelago, and in the SAC).
- Action C9: establishment of protection measures against anthropogenic conditions that allow the improvement of the conservation status in 5 ha of type 2130* (30% of the habitat in the archipelago, and in the SAC).
The condition of the land chosen in the SAC/SPA Illas Cíes (ES0000001) for LIFE INSULAR represents added value for the project, since it will allow the proposed conservation actions to be reinforced and ensure the long-term maintenance of the beneficial effects of the measures of conservation launched during the project. These lands are publicly owned, as they belong to DXPN (associated beneficiary of LIFE INSULAR and competent regional body for the conservation of natural heritage and biodiversity) and have a conservation objective as they are included in the Natura 2000 Network, as well as as in the Galician Network of Protected Spaces under different types of Protected Natural Spaces figures (National Park, Protected Wetland, Natura 2000 Protected Space), so that DXPN will ensure the long-term maintenance of the actions carried out (see Form B6) . In addition, a large part of them are included in the Maritime-Terrestrial Public Domain (DPMT) managed by the General Directorate for Sustainability and the Sea, an organization that has supported the project (see support on form A8), which reinforces the conservation objectives of these properties.